Credit: Cogito / YouTube Having landed a critical blow against their opponents, Alexander and his hetairoi would then wheel round behind the enemy infantry, who were already engaged with the Macedonian phalanx, and deal a death blow from behind. Also called the Battle of Arbela , it was a decisive victory for the Macedonians and led to the fall of the Persian Empire . Although Philip II deserves due credit for developing the Macedonian phalanx formation, it was his son that utilized it to its fullest potential. The Battle of Gaugamela (/ ˌ ɡ ɔː ɡ ə ˈ m iː l ə /; Greek: Γαυγάμηλα) took place in 331 BC between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. Alexander rose to power following the death of his father, Philip II of Macedon. Not far away at the Granicus River, Alexander met Darius's army in May, employed for the first time his oblique battle formation, and defeated the Persians. Vectorized from the original File:Macedonian battle formation.gif made by Frank Martini, cartographer of the U.S. military academy, in the Public Domain. The aptly titled Alexander the Great crafts the highlights of his extraordinary story with grand scope and meticulous research. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest The Battle of Gaugamela (/ ˌ ɡ ɔː ɡ ə ˈ m iː l ə /; Greek: Γαυγάμηλα), also called the Battle of Arbela (Greek: Ἄρβηλα), was the decisive battle of Alexander the Great's invasion of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.In 331 BC Alexander's army of the Hellenic League met the Persian army of Darius III near Gaugamela, close to the modern city of Dohuk in Iraqi Kurdistan. Alexander, in his own letters, has given as account of his war with Porus. The Persian emperor Darius Codomannus and an army of up to 600,000 troops attempted to ambush him, but Alexander was far from dismayed, and he … The Greek victory eventually paved the way for Macedonian control and the rise of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great or Alexander III, 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Alexander the Great is the sequel to the strategy game, Genghis Khan. Before the Macedonian army crossed the Hellespont, the mainstay of their infantry comprised the Pezhetairoi (or Foot Companions) – men who the formed up the dreaded ‘anvil’ of the Macedonian phalanx. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Alexander won this battle by achieving minute successes that contributed to his overall success. He believed he strikes fear in the opposing army and inspires his own. These were called sarissas. The phalanx was made of four consecutive rows of soldiers who pointed their superlong, heavy, 10 meter (30-foot) horizontally forward and marched straight ahead. Some of Alexander tye Great’s best defensives tactic was a strategy that In all the battles he participated, Alexander the Great led from the front of the battle. Alexander was never defeated in battle. Youth and Kingship The son of Philip II Philip II,382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C. The legend of this painting, "Alexander cutting the Gordian Knot," is that in 333 B.C. Complete missions by invading territories and winning battles. The Battle of Chaeronea occurred in 338 BC when King Philip II of Macedon confronted a mixed Greek army. Clashing on a plain near Chaeronea, the battle was hotly contested until the king's son, the future Alexander the Great, led the decisive charge which broke (western Turkey) against Persian satraps with Greek mercenaries. He describes the battle positions and technique used He describes and compares the mass of each army He wrote Nevertheless, Alexander and the Companions, threading their way through the remnants of the Persian Imperial Army, kept going for some 25 miles–only after dark did they give up the chase and return to camp. Start studying Alexander the Great / Chapter 5. The Macedonian phalanx is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Persian Empire and other countries. The daylight was fading by this time, however, and the chase was hampered by the fleeing mass of humanity blocking his path. The Battle of Issus (5 November 333 BC) was a major battle of Alexander the Great's campaign to conquer the Persian Empire.With an army of 40,850 Macedonian troops, Alexander the Great encamped on the coastal plain of Syria at Issus. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained Armed with youth, cunning and a brilliant tactical mind, his thirteen-year reign led to the formation of one of the largest empires the world has ever seen. English: Macedonian battle formation during the times of Philip II and Alexander the great. So he used them to their best effect each time, breaking through enemy ranks and forcing the Persians to retreat. They fought packed in a close rectangular formation, typically eight men deep, with a leader at the head of each column and a secondary leader in the middle, so that the back rows could move off to the sides if more frontage was … They were two-handed; the smaller shields were slung over the left shoulder. He knew that the disorganized Persian army would not be able to withstand his phalanxes (a body of troops in tight military formation). Alexander was a brilliant and cunning tactician in battle. The basic Greek formation was made more flexible by Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander III the Great. The fight on the banks of the Hydaspes River in India was the closest Alexander the Great came to defeat. The Battle of the Granicus River in May 334 BC was the first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire.Fought in Northwestern Asia Minor, near the site of Troy, it was here that Alexander defeated the forces of the Persian satraps of Asia Minor, including a large force of Greek mercenaries led by Memnon of Rhodes. With the battle won, Alexander set off in pursuit of Darius. Alexander the Great is the stuff of legend when it comes to ancient military history. Advance into Mesopotamia brought a third great victory, whose humiliation King Darius could not survive. It was used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Persian Empire. ), son of Amyntas II. at Gordium, Phrygia, Alexander the Great, unable to untie the knot, sliced it with his sword. Mar 14, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Simon Lidwell. Start studying Alexander The Great - Battle of the River Granicus. Battle of the Hydaspes, (326 bce), fourth and last pitched battle fought by Alexander the Great during his campaign of conquest in Asia. The Macedonian phalanx is an infantry formation developed by Philip II. Major Battles Battle of the Granicus - 334 B.C. The formation was made up of spearmen carrying 18 to 20 ft (5.5–6 m) long spears. If you got in their way, they'd turn you and your comrades into shish kebab. Already as a teenage general, Alexander was well respected for leading men into battle at … 10 things you should know about the ancient Macedonian army of Alexander the Great, the veritable fighting machine of the classical world. Alexander the Great The Wars and Conquests of Alexander The Great Alexander the Great , son of Philip of Macedon, became the greatest conquerer of the ancient world in a short twelve years, Alexander consolidated control over his native Balkans in Europe, invaded and conquered the mighty Persian Empire, subjugated the tribes of Central Asia and Afghanistan, and invaded India. Alexander the Great is said to have undone the Gordian Knot not by unraveling it, but by slashing through it with a sword. Alexander’s heroic leadership, as he fought in the thick of battle and narrowly escaped death, earned him what Diodorus called the ‘palm for bravery’ and gave him his first great victory over the Persians, opening the way to western and southern Asia Minor. David Lonsdale argues that since the core principles of He died in 323 bc As the new ruler of Persia, Alexander imposed his authority on its eastern provinces as far as the Indus, where mutiny forced his return. Alexander, frequently called Alexander of Paris for being the longtime Prince of that city after the fall of Rome, was a 4th generation Ventrue Embraced as a youth by the Ventrue Antediluvian in Ancient Greece and ultimately destroyedin 1232 CE by the Gangrel warlord Qarakh, while the latter was infused by the power of the baltic deity Telyavel. Purchase units and place them on the staging area before each battle. Alexander the Great This book offers a strategic analysis of one of the most outstanding military careers in history, identifying the most pertinent strategic lessons from the cam-paigns of Alexander the Great. Alexandria Bucephalus is a city Alexander founded in memory of his beloved horse Bucephalus which had died there. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Schooled in warfare, Alexander’s military career came to fruition during the Battle of Chaeronea, when he led the left wing of his father’s army. 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